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Author Topic: Gun Facts  (Read 27663 times)

Offline bearpaw

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #30 on: February 18, 2013, 06:37:03 PM »
Fact: Medical mistakes kill 400,000 people per year – the equivalent of almost three fully loaded Boeing 747 jet crashes per day – or about 286 times the rate of all accidental firearm deaths.192 This translates into 1 in 6 doctors causing an accidental death, and 1 in 56,666 gun owners doing the same.


U.S. Accidental Fiream Deaths

Fact: Only 2% of gun deaths are from accidents, and some insurance investigations indicate that many of these may not be accidents after all.193

Fact: Around 2,000 patients each year – six per day – are accidentally killed or injured in hospitals by registered nurses.194


Myth: Handguns are unsafe and cause accidents

Fact: Most fatal firearm accidents involve long guns, which are more deadly. These are typically hunting accidents.195

Fact: Handguns have triggers that are difficult for small (child) hands to operate, and are rarely the cause of accidents.196


Myth: Innocent bystanders are often killed by guns

Fact: Less than 1% of all gun homicides involve innocent bystanders.197


Myth: Citizens are too incompetent to use guns for protection

Fact: About 11% of police shootings kill an innocent person - about 2% of shootings by citizens kill an innocent person. The odds of a defensive gun user killing an innocent person are less than 1 in 26,000 198 despite American citizens using guns to prevent crimes almost 2,500,000 times every year.

192 Medical death statistics, Gun deaths, Dr. David Lawrence, CEO Kaiser Permanente, CDC report 1993

193 Targeting Guns: Firearms and Their Control, Gary Kleck, Aldine de Gruyter 1997 at 293-324

194 Chicago Tribune report, Sept 10, 2000

195 Targeting Guns: Firearms and Their Control, Gary Kleck , Aldine de Gruyter 1997, at 293-324

196 Ibid.

197 Stray bullets and ‘mushrooms’, Sherman, Steele, Laufersweiler, Hoffer and Julian, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 1989

198 Shall Issue: The New Wave of Concealed Handgun Permit Laws, C. Cramer, and D. Kopel, Independence Institute Issue Paper. October 17, 1994

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Fact: Most firearm accidents are caused by people with various forms of poor self-control. These include alcoholics, people with previous criminal records, people with multiple driving accidents, and people who engage in other risky behaviors.199


Myth: Gun accidents are flooding emergency rooms

Fact: The rate of gun accidents is so low that the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission doesn't even mention them in their annual safety reports.
Myth: "Junk" guns are dangerous and should be banned

Fact: In the history of the state of California, not one lawsuit against a gun maker had been filed (until 2003) based on a weapon being defective or poorly designed.200


Myth: Guns should be made to conform to product liability laws

Fact: Guns are already covered under product liability laws. If you have a defective gun that does not operate properly, you can sue the gun maker.

199 Targeting Guns: Firearms and Their Control, Gary Kleck, Aldine de Gruyter, 1997, at 307, 312

200 California Trial Lawyers Association, 1998

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #31 on: February 18, 2013, 06:45:37 PM »
CHILDREN AND GUNS

Myth: 13 children are killed each day by guns

Fact: Adults included – This “statistic” includes “children” up to age 19 or 24, depending on the source. Most violent crime is committed by males ages 16-24, these numbers end up including adult gang members dying during criminal activity201. The proper definition of ‘child’ is a person between birth and puberty (typically 13-14 years old).

Fact: 339 children (age 14 and under) died from gunfire in all of 2006, or fewer than one per day. This includes homicides and accidents combined.202

Fact: Criminals are included - 70% of these deaths are juveniles or adults, ages 17 to 20, during gang warfare. Half of the juveniles killed are involved in gang activity at the time of their deaths: often drug related firefights.

Fact: Suicides and criminals included - These numbers include criminal activities and suicides.203 As suicides make up more than ½ of all gun deaths, the number children killed could drop even further, to about 1.3 a day. 204

Fact: The federal government lists the total firearm related deaths for children were 612, or 1.7 per day, in 1998. 154 were
suicides205

Fact: Over 13 teenagers die every day in automobiles, seven behind the wheel.206


201 FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1997

202 CDC National Vital Statistics System. Report R00.1-Y89.9, 2006

203 Rates of Homicide, Suicide, and Firearm-Related Death Among Children -- 26 Industrialized Countries National Center for Health Statistics, , 1997

204 National Vital Statistics Report - Deaths: Final Data for 1998, Center for Disease Control July 24, 2000

205 CDC WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 1981-1998

206 U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System, 2001

207 National Center on Child Abuse Prevention, 1998 Annual Survey

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #32 on: February 18, 2013, 06:51:45 PM »
Fact: For contrast: 1,917 children die each day from malaria208 around the world and 15 men, women, and children per day are murdered by a convicted felon in government supervised parole/probation programs in the U.S.209


Myth: School yard shootings are an epidemic

Fact: “Compared to other types of violence and crime children face, both in and outside of school, school-based attacks are rare. While the Department of Education reports 60 million children attend the nation's 119,000 schools, available statistics indicate that few of these students will fall prey to violent situations in school settings".210

Fact: In states without “right to carry” laws, there have been 15 school shootings; however, in states that allow citizens to carry guns, there has been only one.211

Fact: The five school shootings that occurred during the '97-98 school year took place after the 1995 Gun-Free School Zones law was enacted, which banned guns within 1,000 feet of a school.212

Fact: Schoolyard shooting deaths are not rising, rather, they have been falling through most of the 1990s:213

Fact: Only 10% of public schools reported one or more serious violent crimes during the 1996-97 school year.214

Fact: In Pearl, Mississippi, the assistant principal carried a firearm to the school until the 1995 "Gun-Free School Zones" law passed, afterwards he began locking his firearm in his car and parking at least a quarter-mile away from the school. When the shooting started, he ran to his car, got his gun, ran back, disarmed the shooter and held him on the ground until the police arrived. Had the law not been passed, the assistant principal might have prevented the two deaths and seven shooting-related injuries.


Myth: Trigger locks will keep children from accidentally shooting themselves

Fact: 31 of 32 models of gun locks tested by the government’s Consumer Product Safety Commission could be opened without the key. According to their spokesperson, "We found you could open locks with paper clips, a pair of scissors or tweezers, or you could whack them on the table and they would open.”215


208 Fact Sheet No 178, U.N. World Health Organization, 1998

209 US Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998

210 Threat Assessment in Schools, U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education, May 2002

211 Multiple Victim Public Shootings, Bombings, and Right-to-Carry Concealed Handgun Laws: Contrasting Private and Public Law Enforcement, Lott J, Landes W; ,University of Chicago – (covers years 1977 to 1995)

212 Ibid

213Violence and Discipline Problems in U.S. Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics,1996-97

214 Principal/School Disciplinarian Survey on School Violence, Department of Education, March, 2000

215 Washington Post, Feb 7, 2001, Page A01

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #33 on: February 18, 2013, 06:55:41 PM »
Fact: 85% of all communities in America recorded no juvenile homicides in 1995, and 93.4% of communities recorded one or no juvenile arrests (not convictions) for murder.216

Fact: In 1996, even though there were around 80 million people who owned a firearm, there were only 44 accidental gun deaths for children under age 10, or about 0.0001%.217

Fact: California has a trigger lock law and saw a 12% increase in fatal firearm accidents in 1994. Texas doesn't have one and experienced a 28% decrease in the same year.218 Also: trigger-locks render a firearm inaccessible for timely self-defense.

Fact: Children as young as seven (7) years old have demonstrated that they can pick or break a trigger lock; or that they can operate a gun with a trigger lock in place.219 Over half of non-criminal firearm deaths for children over age seven are suicides, so trigger locks are unlikely to reduce these deaths.

Fact: If criminals are deterred from attacking victims because of the fear that people might be able to defend themselves, gunlocks may in turn reduce the danger to criminals committing crime, and thus increase crime. This problem is exacerbated because many mechanical locks (such as barrel or trigger locks) also require that the gun be stored unloaded.


Myth: Guns in America spark youth violence

Fact: Non-firearm juvenile violent crime rate in the U.S. is twice that of 25 other industrialized western nations. The non-firearm infant-homicide rate in the U.S. is 3.5 times higher.220 Thus we have a violence problem – not a “gun” problem.

Fact: Non-firearm related homicides of children out-rank firearm related homicides by children almost 5-to-1221


215 Washington Post, Feb 7, 2001, Page A01

216 Crime in the United States: Uniform Crime Reports, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1996

217 CBS News web site,Prof. John Lott, March 20, 2000

218 National Center for Health Statistics, 1995

219 Accidental Shootings: many deaths and injuries caused by firearms could be prevented,United States General Accounting Office, March 1991

220 Kids and Guns Bulletin, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention statistics, 2000. ( Covers years 1990-1995)

221 FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1997

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #34 on: February 18, 2013, 06:59:36 PM »
Myth: More than 1,300 children commit suicide with guns

Fact: This statistic includes “children” ages 18-19.222 As established previously, a child is defined as a person between birth and the age of 13 or 14 (puberty).

Fact: Worldwide, the per capita suicide rate is fairly static (the suicide rate of the U.S. is lower than many industrial countries, including many where private gun ownership is banned). A certain fraction of the population will commit suicide regardless of the available tools.

Fact: The overall rate of suicide (firearm and non-firearm) among children age 15 and under was virtually unchanged in states that passed and maintained “safe storage” laws for four or more years.223

Fact: Among young girls, 71% of all suicides are by hanging or suffocation.224

Fact: People, including children, who are determined to commit suicide will find a way. There is a documented case of a man who killed himself by drilling a hole in his skull by using a power drill.225

Fact: Banning country music might be more effective – one study shows 51% of the music-influenced suicide differential can be traced to country music.226


Myth: Stricter gun control laws could have prevented the Columbine massacre

Fact: Harris and Klebold violated close to 20 firearms laws in obtaining weapons. Would 21 laws really have made a difference? The two shotguns and one rifle used by Harris and Klebold were purchased by a girlfriend who passed a background check, and the TEC-9 handgun used was already banned.


222 Determined using CDC mortality data, and finding the only possible fit for the claim.

223 Accidental Deaths, Suicides, and Crime Safe Storage Gun Laws, John Lott, Yale Law School, 2000

224 Suicide Trends Among Youths and Young Adults Aged 10--24 Years --- United States, 1990--2004, Center for Disease Control, September, 2007

225 Drilled Head Husband Dies in Hospital, The Scotsman, April 28, 2003

226The Effect of Country Music on Suicide, Steven Stack, Jim Gundlach, ,Social Forces. Volume: 71. Issue: 1., 1992

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Offline bearpaw

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #35 on: February 18, 2013, 07:05:17 PM »
Myth: Children should be kept away from guns for their own safety

Fact: 0% of children that get guns from their parents commit gun-related crimes while 21% of those that get them illegally do.227

Fact: Children that acquire firearms illegally are twice as likely to commit street crimes (24%) than are those given a firearm by their parents (14%).228

Fact: Almost three times as many children (41%) take drugs if they also obtain firearms illegally, as compared to children given a firearm by their parents (13%).

Fact: In the 1950’s, children routinely played cops and robbers, had toy guns, were given BB rifles and small caliber hunting rifles before puberty. Yet the homicide rate in the 1950’s was almost half of that in the 1980’s.229


Myth: More children are hurt with guns than by any other means

Fact: Barely more than 1% of all unintentional injury deaths for children in the U.S. between ages 0-14 are from firearms.230

Fact: The Center for Disease Control, a federal agency, agrees. According to them, in 1998, children 0-14 years died from the following causes in the U.S. 231

Fact: Children are 12 times more likely to die in an automobile accident than from gun-related homicides or legal interventions (being shot by a cop, for example) if they are age 0-14. For the group 0-24 years old (which bends the definition of “child” quite a bit), the rate is still 8.6 times higher for cars.232


227 Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse ,U.S. Justice Department, 2000

228 Ibid

229 Vital Statistics ,National Center for Health Statistics, , Revised July, 1999

230 Deaths: Final Data for 2006, National Vital Statistics Reports, 2009, Center for Disease Control

231 Deaths: Final for 1998,Center for Disease Control, vol. 48 no. 11., July 24, 2000

232 National Vital Statistics Report , National Center for Health Statistics, 1997

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #36 on: February 18, 2013, 07:12:28 PM »
Fact: In 2001, there were only 72 accidental firearm deaths for children under age 15, as opposed to over 2,100 children who drowned (29 times as many drowning deaths as firearm deaths).233

Fact: Accidental firearm injuries for children and adolescents dropped 37% from 1993 to 1997, with the fastest drop – a 64% reduction – being for children.234

Fact: Boys who own legal firearms have much lower rates of delinquency and drug use and are even less delinquent than non-owners of guns.235

Fact: The non-gun homicide rate of children in the U.S. is more than twice as high as in other western countries. And eight times as many children die from non-gun violent acts than from gun crimes.236 This indicates that the problem is violence, not guns.

Fact: Fatal gun accidents for children ages 0-14 declined by almost 83% from 1981 to 2002237 – all while the number of handguns per capita increased over 41%.238

Fact: 82% of homicides to children age 13 and under were committed without a gun.239


Myth: If it saves the life of one child, it is worth it

Fact: Firearms in private hands are used an estimated 2.5 million times (or 6,849 times each day) each year to prevent crime;240 this includes rapes, aggravated assaults, and kidnapping. The number of innocent children protected by firearm owning parents far outweighs the number of children harmed.

Fact: Most Americans (firearm owners or not) believe that the way parents raise kids is what causes gun violence (or just violence in general). Among non-firearm owners, 38% said it was parental neglect that causes youth violence, while only 28% thought it was due to the availability of guns.241 They may be right as most homicides of children under age five are by their own parents. Of homicides among children ages 5 and younger: 31% were killed by their own mother and another 31% were killed by their own fathers.242


233 20 Leading Causes of Unintentional Injury Deaths ,Center for Disease Control, , United States, 2001, (All Races, Both Sexes, Ages: 1-14)

234 Firearms Injury Surveillance Study, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, December 2001

235 Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse ,U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, NCJ-143454, , August 1995

236 Kids and Guns ,Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention , “”, 2000

237 National Center for Health Statistics

238 BATF estimates on handguns in circulation, BATF, Firearms Commerce in the United States 2001/2002

239 FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1997

240 Gary Kleck, Criminologist, Florida State University, 1997

241 Gallup/Women.com poll, May 2000

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242 FBI, Supplementary Homicide Reports, 1976-98

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #37 on: February 18, 2013, 07:16:36 PM »
GUNS AND CRIME PREVENTION

Myth: Private ownership of guns is not effective in preventing crime

Fact: Every year, people in the United States use guns to defend themselves against criminals an estimated 2,500,000 times – more than 6,500 people a day, or once every 13 seconds.243 Of these instances, 15.7% of the people using firearms defensively stated that they "almost certainly" saved their lives by doing so.

Firearms are used 60 times more often to protect lives than to take lives.

Fact: The number of times per year an American uses a firearm to deter a home invasion alone is 498,000.244

Fact: In 83.5% (2,087,500) of these successful gun defenses, the attacker either threatened or used force first, proving that guns are very well suited for self-defense.

Fact: The rate of defensive gun use (DGU) is six times that of criminal gun use.

Fact: Of the 2,500,000 times citizens use guns to defend themselves, 92% merely brandish their gun or fire a warning shot to scare off their attackers.

Fact: Less than 8% of the time does a citizen wound his or her attacker, and in less than one in a thousand instances is the attacker killed.246

Fact: In one local review of firearm homicide, more than 12% were civilian legal defensive homicides.247

Fact: For every accidental death (802), suicide (16,869) or homicide (11,348)248with a firearm (29,019), 13 lives (390,000)249 are preserved through defensive use.

243 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Kleck and Gertz, Fall 1995

244 Estimating intruder-related firearm retrievals in U.S. households, 1994. Robin M. Ikeda , Violence and Victims, Winter 1997

245 Crime statistics: Bureau of Justice Statistics - National Crime Victimization Survey (2005). DGU statistics: Targeting Guns, Kleck (average of 15 major surveys where DGUs were reported)

246 Targeting Guns, Kleck, from the National Self-Defense Survey, 1995

247 Death by Gun: One Year Later, Time Magazine, May 14, 1990

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #38 on: February 18, 2013, 07:24:56 PM »
Fact: When using guns in self-defense, 91.1% of the time not a single shot is fired.250

Fact: After the implementation of Canada's 1977 gun controls prohibiting handgun possession for protection, the “breaking and entering” crime rate rose 25%, surpassing the American rate.251


Myth: You are more likely to be injured or killed using a gun for self-defense

Fact: You are far more likely to survive violent assault if you defend yourself with a gun.252


Myth: Only police should have guns

Fact: “...most criminals are more worried about meeting an armed victim than they are about running into the police.”253

Fact: 11% of police shootings kill an innocent person - about 2% of shootings by citizens kill an innocent person.254

Fact: Police have trouble keeping their own guns. Hundreds of firearms are missing from the FBI and 449 of them have been involved in crimes.255


248 Unintentional Firearm Deaths, 2001, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

249 Targeting Guns, Gary Kleck, Aldine de Gruyter, 1997

250 National Crime Victimization Survey, 2000

251 Residential Burglary: A Comparison of the United States, Canada and England and Wales, Pat Mayhew, National Institute of Justice., Wash., D.C., 1987

252 The Value of Civilian Handgun Possession as a Deterrent to Crime or a Defense Against Crime, Don B. Kates, 1991 American Journal of Criminal Law

253Armed and Considered Dangerous: A Survey of Felons and Their Firearms, Wright and Rossi, 1986

254 Shall issue: the new wave of concealed handgun permit laws, Clayton Cramer, David Kopel, Independence Institute Issue Paper. October 17, 1994

255 ABC News, July 17, 2001

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #39 on: February 18, 2013, 07:30:24 PM »
Fact: People who saw the helplessness of the L.A. Police Department during the 1992 King Riots or the looting and violence in New Orleans after hurricane Katrina know that citizens need guns to defend themselves.

Fact: "In actual shootings, citizens do far better than law enforcement on hit potential. They hit their targets and they don't hit other people. I wish I could say the same for cops. We train more, they do better."256


Myth: Guns are not effective in preventing crime against women

Fact: Of the 2,500,000 annual self-defense cases using guns, more than 7.7% (192,500) are by women defending themselves against sexual abuse.

Fact: When a woman was armed with a gun or knife, only 3% of rape attacks are completed, compared to 32% when the woman was unarmed.257

Fact: The probability of serious injury from an attack is 2.5 times greater for women offering no resistance than for women resisting with guns. Men also benefit from using guns but the benefits are smaller, 1.4 times more likely to receive a serious injury.258

Fact: 28.5% of women have one or more guns in the house.259

Fact: 41.7% of women either own or have convenient access to guns.260

Fact: In 1966, the city of Orlando responded to a wave of sexual assaults by offering firearms training classes to women. Rapes dropped by nearly 90% the following year.

Fact: Firearm availability appears to be particularly useful in avoiding rape. Australia and the United Kingdom virtually banned handgun ownership. During the same period handgun ownership in the United States steadily rose.


256 Sheriff Greg White, Cole County, Missouri, Guns to be allowed on campus?, KRCG News, July 31, 2009

257 Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, Rape Victimization in 26 American Cities, U.S. Department of Justice, 1979

258 National Crime Victimization Survey, Department of Justice

259 2001 National Gun Policy Survey of the National Opinion Research Center: Research Findings, Smith, T, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, December 2001.

260 Ibid

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #40 on: February 18, 2013, 07:37:56 PM »
Yet the rate of rape decreased in the United States, and skyrocketed in the other countries, as shown in the table.

Fact: More Americans believe having a gun in the home makes them safer. This belief grows every year the survey is taken.261

Fact: Arthur Kellerman, a researcher whose work is often cited by gun control groups said “If you've got to resist, your chances of being hurt are less the more lethal your weapon. If that were my wife, would I want her to have a .38 Special in her hand? Yeah.”262


261 Americans by Slight Margin Say Gun in the Home Makes It Safer, Gallup Poll, October 20, 2006

262 Gun Crazy, S.F. Examiner, April 3, 1994

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______________________________________________


GOVERNMENT, GUN LAWS, AND SOCIAL COSTS

Myth: Gun control reduces crime

Fact: The U.S. government “found insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of any of the firearms laws or combinations of laws reviewed on violent outcomes” 263 and also concluded in one study that none of the attackers interviewed was "hindered by any law--federal, state or local--that has ever been established to prevent gun ownership. They just laughed at gun laws."264

Fact: Violent crime appears to be encouraged by gun control. Most gun control laws in the United States have been written since 1968, yet the murder rate rose during the 70s, 80s and early 90s.265

Fact: In 1976, Washington, D.C. enacted one of the most restrictive gun control laws in the nation. The city's murder rate rose 134 percent through 1996 while the national murder rate has dropped 2 percent.266
Fact: Among the 15 states with the highest homicide rates, 10 have restrictive or very restrictive gun laws.267

Fact: Maryland claims to have the toughest gun control laws in the nation and ranks #1 in robberies and #4 in both violent crime and murder.268 . The robbery rate is 70% more than the national average.269 These numbers are likely low because one of their more violent cities, Baltimore, failed to report their crime levels.

263 First Reports Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Violence: Firearms Laws, CDC, Task Force on Community Preventive Services, Oct 3, 2003 – a systematic review of 51 studies that evaluated the effects of selected firearms laws on violence

264 Violent Encounters: A Study of Felonious Assaults on Our Nation's Law Enforcement Officers, U.S. Department of Justice, August 2006

265 National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Statistics, Revised July, 1999

266 Dr. Gary Kleck, University of Florida using FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1997

267 Ibid

268 Index of Crime by State, FBI Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) for 2000, p. 79, Table 5

269 FBI Uniform Crime Reports, September 15, 2000

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #41 on: February 18, 2013, 07:41:46 PM »
Fact: In 2000, 20% of U.S. homicides occur in four cities with just six percent of the population – New York, Chicago, Detroit, and Washington, D.C. – most of which have/had a virtual prohibition on private handguns.270

Fact: The landmark federal Gun Control Act of 1968, banning most interstate gun sales, had no discernible impact on the criminal acquisition of guns from other states.271

Fact: Washington, D.C.'s 1976 ban on the ownership of handguns (except those already registered in the District) was not linked to any reduction in gun crime in the nation's capital.272

Fact: New York has one of the most restrictive gun laws in the nation – and 20% of the armed robberies.273

Fact: There are more than 22,000274 gun laws at the city, county, state, and federal level. If gun control worked, then we should be free of crime. But the Federal government concluded that no criminal that attacked a police officer was “hindered by any law--federal, state or local--that has ever been established to prevent gun ownership. They just laughed at gun laws."275

Fact: In analyzing 10 different possible reasons for the decline in violent crime during the 1990s, gun control was calculated to have contributed nothing (high imprisonment rates, more police and legalized abortion were considered the primary factors, contributing as much as 28% of the overall reduction).276


Myth: Guns should be registered and licensed like cars

Fact: You do not need a license to buy a car. You can buy as many as you want and drive them all you like on your own property without a license.

Fact: Cars are registered because they are (a) sources of tax revenue, (b) objects of fraud in some transactions, and (c) significant theft targets. Thus we ask the government to track them.

Fact: There is no constitutionally guaranteed right to keep and bear automobiles, and thus they are subject to greater regulation than guns.

Fact: There are more guns in the U.S. than cars (228,000,000 guns and 207,754,000 automobiles). Yet you are 31 times more likely to be accidentally killed by a car than a gun according to the National Safety Council 277 ... despite cars having been registered and licensed for almost 100 years.


270 Ibid

271 Under the Gun, Wright, Rossi, Daly, University of Massachusetts, 1981

272 Ibid

273 Ibid

274 Under the Gun: Weapons, Crime, and Violence in America, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms estimate and reported via James Wright, Peter H. Rossi, Kathleen Daly, 1983

275 Violent Encounters: A Study of Felonious Assaults on Our Nation's Law Enforcement Officers, As presented by Ed Davis, criminal investigative instructor FBI Behavioral Science Unit, to the International Association of Chiefs of Police, reporting from U.S. Department of Justice, August 2006

276 Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990s, Steven Levit, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter 2004

277 Automobiles estimates: Federal Highway Administration, October 1998. Firearm estimates: FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1996.

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #42 on: February 18, 2013, 07:44:32 PM »
Myth: The Brady Bill caused a decrease in gun homicides

Fact: All violent crime (including gun and non-gun murders) fell during the same period, 1992 to 1997. However, the percent of homicides committed with guns stayed the same. In 1992, 68% of murders were committed with guns; in 1997, it was still 68%.278 Thus, the decreased gun homicide rate was part of an overall declining crime rate, not an effect of the Brady Bill.

Fact: Gun possession by criminals has risen in the Brady years – 18% of state prisoners (was 16% before Brady) and 15% for federal prisoners (was 12% before Brady) are caught with firearms.279

Fact: The Brady Bill is not enforced. In 2006, of 77,000 Field Office referrals for instant background check violations (25,259 of which NICS identified as buyers with felony records), 0.4% (273) were ever charged with a crime and 0.1% (73) were convicted.280

Fact: The Brady law has so far failed to appreciably save lives.281

Fact: Violent crime started falling in 1991, three years before passage of the Brady law. The Brady law did not apply in 18 states, yet violent crime in those states fell just as quickly.282

Fact: A majority of Americans agree that the bill is worthless. 51% believe the act has been ineffective at reducing violent crime, and 56% believe it has had no impact on reducing the number of homicides in the U.S.283


Myth: Gun laws are being enforced

Fact: During the Clinton administration, federal prosecutions of gun-related crimes dropped more than 44 percent.284

Fact: Of the 3,353 prohibited individuals that obtained firearms, the Clinton administration only investigated 110 of them (3.3%).285


278 FBI Uniform Crime Reports for 1992 and 1997

279 Firearm Use by Offenders, Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2001

280 Enforcement of the Brady Act, 2006, Regional Justice Information Service, study funded by Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

281 Dr. Jens Ludwig, Dr. Philip J. Cook, Journal of the American Medical Association, August 2000

282 Gun Licensing Leads to Increased Crime, Lost Lives, Prof. John Lott, L.A. Times, Aug 23, 2000, based on both the FBI Uniform Crime Statistics for 1990s and the U.S. Justice Department Crime Victimization Survey

283 Portrait of America survey, August 2000

284 Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University covering 1992 through 1998

285 General Accounting Office (GAO) 2000 audit of the National Instant Check System between 11/30/98 and 11/30/99. This stat needs to be tempered by the fact that many initial rejections were due to database errors – false positives – where the buyer was later approved.

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #43 on: February 18, 2013, 07:47:28 PM »
Fact: Despite 536,000 prohibited buyers caught by the National Instant Background Check, only 6,700 people (1.25%) have been charged for these firearms violations. This includes 71% of the violations coming from convicted or indicted felons.286 None of these crimes were prosecuted by the Federal government in 1996, 1997, or 1998.287

Fact: In 1998, the government prosecuted just eight children for gun law violations.288 In that same year, there were only:

• 8 prosecutions for juvenile handgun possession.
• 6 prosecutions for handgun transfer to juveniles.
• 1 prosecution for Brady Law violations.

Fact: Some of the reasons listed for not prosecuting known gun criminals include “minimal federal interest” and “DOJ/U.S. Attorney policy”.289

Fact: Half of referrals concerning violent criminals were closed without investigation or prosecution.290

Fact: The average sentence for a federal firearms violation dropped from 57 months to 46 months from 1996 to 1998.291

Fact: 18-20 year olds commit over 23% of all gun murders.292 None of these criminals are allowed by law to purchase a handgun, but the Federal government under Clinton rarely enforced this law.293

Fact: Project Exile in Richmond, Virginia prosecutes felons caught with guns, and prosecutes them using Federal laws that require mandatory imprisonment. The first year result was a 33% drop in homicides for the Richmond Metro area in a year where the national murder rate was climbing.294 This shows that enforcement works. And according to Andrew McBride of the Richmond Justice Department Office, these cases are as easy to prosecute as "picking change up off the street."


286 Bureau of Justice Statistics, Federal Firearm Offenders and Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, June 4, 2000

287 U.S. Justice Department statistics, 1999

288 Ibid

289 Bureau of Justice Statistics, Federal Firearm Offenders and Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, June 4, 2000

290 General Accounting Office report on the Implementation of NICS, February, 2000

291 Ibid

292 United States Treasury and Justice Department Report, 1999

293 Federal Firearm Offenders report, Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 4, 2000 – firearm suspects declined for prosecution by U.S. attorneys … some of the reasons listed for not prosecuting known gun criminals include “minimal federal interest” and “DOJ/U.S. Attorney policy”

294 FBI Uniform Crime Statistics, 1999

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Re: Gun Facts
« Reply #44 on: February 18, 2013, 07:51:10 PM »
Myth: Federal gun crime prosecutions increased 25%

Fact: 1992: 9,885 BATF referrals for federal firearm purchase violations
1998: 4,391 (a 56% drop)
1999: 5,489 (a fictitious “25% increase”)295

Fact: 1992: 12,084 BATF referrals for all firearm law violations
1998: 5,620 (a 53% drop)


Myth: The social cost of gun violence is enormous

Fact: Because guns are used an estimated 2.5 million times per year to prevent crimes, the cost savings in personal losses, police work, and court and prison expenses vastly outweighs the cost of criminal gun violence and gun accidents. The net savings, under a worst-case scenario, is about $3.5 billion a year.296

Fact: Guns are used 65 times more often to prevent a crime than to commit one.297

Fact: The medical cost of gun violence is only 0.16% of America’s annual health care expenditures.298

Fact: Drunken drivers killed 15,935 people in 1998299 while homicides with guns were 12,102 for the same year. Drunken drivers continue to kill people randomly despite a decade of increased strictness and social pressure against drunk drivers.


Myth: The social cost of gun violence is $20-100 billion

Fact: One “study”300 included the lifetime earnings of people that die from guns, not just the true social costs. This included lost incomes of criminals killed by law-abiding citizens, and costs associated with suicides, and the “emotional costs experienced by relatives and friends of gunshot victims, and the fear and general reduction in quality of life ... including people who are not victimized”. If the same methodology were used to calculate the social savings from private gun ownership, we would see a benefit to society of half a trillion dollars, or 10% of the 1999 US Gross Domestic Product.

Fact: Another “study”301 started by polling people how much they would be willing to have their taxes raised in order to reduce firearm violence by 30%, and then projected these bids to the entire U.S. population. This seriously flawed methodology does not measure the “cost” of the problem, just what people are willing to spend to reduce the problem.


295 BATF, 1999

296 Suing Gun Manufacturers: Hazardous to Our Health, Sterling Burnett, National Center for Policy Analysis, 1999

297 Taking Dr. Gary Kleck’s estimate of 2.5 million gun defenses each year, divided by the FBI estimates of crimes committed with a firearm.

298 Shooting in the dark: estimating the cost of firearm injuries, Max W and Rice DP, Health Affairs, 1993

299 Compiled by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

300 The Financial Costs of Gun Violence, Linda Gunderson, Annals of Internal Medicine, September 21, 1999

301 Gun Violence : The Real Costs, Ludwig, Cook, 2000

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